banner-1 Hon. Minister of Steel Sh. Narendra Singh Tomar
माननीय इस्पात मंत्री, श्री नरेंद्र सिंह तोमर
banner-1 Hon. Prime Minister of India
भारत के माननीय प्रधानमंत्री जी
banner-1 Hon. Minister of State for Steel Sh. Vishnu Deo Sai
माननीय राज्य इस्पात मंत्री, श्री विष्णु देव साई

Alloy Steel

Alloy steel
Alloy steel is steel that is alloyed with a variety of elements in total amounts between 1.0% and 50% by weight to improve its mechanical properties. Alloy steels are broken down into two groups: low-alloy steels and high-alloy steels. The difference between the two is somewhat arbitrary: Smith and Hashemi define the difference at 4.0%, while Degarmo, et al., define it at 8.0%.[1][2] Most commonly, the phrase "alloy steel" refers to low-alloy steels.
Every steel is truly an alloy, but not all steels are called "alloy steels". Even the simplest steels are iron (Fe) (about 99%) alloyed with carbon (C) (about 0.1% to 1%, depending on type). However, the term "alloy steel" is the standard term referring to steels with other alloying elements in addition to the carbon. Common alloyants include manganese (the most common one), nickel, chromium,molybdenum, vanadium, silicon, and boron. Less common alloyants include aluminum, cobalt, copper, cerium, niobium, titanium,tungsten, tin, zinc, lead, and zirconium.